Joelle Lighezzolo-Alnot1

1, Univ of Lorraine, Nancy, , France

Today, the concept of “responsible research and “responsible innovation” (RRI) is one of the main preoccupations in in the field of science and technology studies. If nanomaterials and nanotechnologies have of course opened hope for a better quality of life in our societies with a lot of progress and applications, they are not without asking some questions regarding their potential effects, toxicity, and by the way, some ethical issues. Recurring debates shake not only the scientific community, but also citizens, leading sometimes to controversial and contradictory positions. The traditional balance cost-benefit, and the classic “precautionary principle”, gave way to an “uncertainty principle”, and the necessity of considering differently nowadays the question of risk and safety. In fact, if we want to avoid a gap between researchers and citizens, science and society should not be regarded as two distinct spheres, and the way for that is rather to establishing a better and more trustful relationship between science and society. In order to achieve this objective, one of the outcomes could then consist in promoting an interdisciplinary dialogue. In the European Union (UE), responsible research and innovation is becoming an increasingly part of policies, particularly throughout the EU’s Horizon 2020 research work program “Science with and for society” (2018-2020): the challenge is, facing to the evolution of science and society and the open science context, to develop innovative ways connecting science to society, through an inclusive